The first web client and server – built with NEXTSTEP

The WWW project was originally developed to provide a distributed hypermedia system which could easily access — from any desktop computer — information spread across the world. The web includes standard formats for text, graphics, sound, and video which can be indexed easily and searched by all networked machines. Using NeXT’s object-oriented technology, the first Web server and client machines were built by CERN — the European Laboratory for Particle Physics in November 1990. Since then the Web has truly encompassed the globe and access has proliferated across all computer platforms in both the corporate and home markets.

Highlights of Web history

March 1989
First project proposal written and circulated for comment at CERN by Tim Berners-Lee.
November 1990
Initial WorldWideWeb prototype developed on the NeXT platform.
January 1993
Midas and Viola browsers available for X; CERN Mac browser and XMosaic released as alpha. Around 50 known HTTP servers.
February 93
NCSA release first alpha version of Marc Andreessen’s “Mosaic for X”.
September 93
WWW (port 80 http) traffic measures 1% of NSF backbone traffic.NCSA releases working versions of Mosaic browser for all common platforms: X, PC/Windows and Macintosh.

January 94
O’Reilly, Spry, etc announce “Internet in a box” product to bring the web into homes.
March 1994
Marc Andreessen and colleagues leave NCSA to form “Mosaic Communications Corp” (now Netscape).
April 1994
The WebCrawler, the largest Web site using NEXTSTEP, goes public on the Internet for the first time. The database contained entries from just over 6000 servers.
August 95
NeXT announces WebObjects for easily building web-based applications.

A more detailed chronology of events is available from the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) at http://www.w3.org/hypertext/WWW/History.html .

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